State of the Seychelles ( in English: Seychelles), officially called the Republic of Seychelles ( in English: Republic of Seychelles), is the smallest African country, located in the Indian Ocean. Seychelles is made up of several islands, up to 155 islands, 42 of which the island granitic rock, and 113 atolls, and the largest of these islands are Mahé Island ; where is the capital of the Republic of Seychelles, which is the city of Victoria, and comprises 90% of the population of the Republic. Seychelles called this name by the French General Corneille Nicholas Murphy; named after French Finance Minister Jean Moreau de Seychelles in 1756, and follow a system of government republican presidential, and under its rule includes 25 administrative districts.
Seychelles is an archipelago sea, and geographically located in the Indian Ocean, north – east of the island of Madagascar , on the crossroads between the continents: Asia, Africa, and away from the coast of East Africa , 1,600 km away, and do not share borders with any country, while located Seychelles astronomically in time zone UTC and + 4H;  extending between coordinates ’35 ° 4 south and east ’40 ° 55.
The total area of the Republic of Seychelles 455 km 2 , and includes coastline of 491 km long. Islands of tropical forests consist of up to an area of 88.5% of the total area of the Republic, while agricultural land up to only 6.5%, is a group of volcanic islands Mahé nature, but they fall outside the area of hurricanes.
Date of Seychelles
It was not the Republic of Seychelles inhabited out of date, and there is an indigenous population of the state, although it has not seen any form of life until the seventeenth century, but the travelers and explorers visited since ancient times ; where the Portuguese traveler Vasco da Gama first to select the Seychelles site in 1502, he called the Admirals Islands; means the Emir of the sea; named after himself. In 1517, the Portuguese drawing, and named the surrounding islands Balojoat seven map of the area.
Was the first to set foot on the land of the islands are explorers British from the East India Company, and it happened in 1609, having veered off their ships at sea, also mentions that Arab traders flocked to the island in the Middle Ages for Nuts Coco de Mer, has not seen the islands of any a form of life over a hundred and fifty years later.
the French occupation
French attempts began in the eighteenth century occupation of the islands, and in 1744 the French island occupied known today as Mauritius, drew the map of Mahé Island, and twelve years later, occupied the islands, and named Mahé on behalf of the island and the French Finance Minister Jean Moreau de Seychelles, then the name was launched later on all of the islands.
Mahé Island saw its first human life on its territory in 1770; where a French colony consists of 15 French established, and 7 slaves, 5 Indians, have relied on agriculture to secure their food, and when the French Revolution in 1790 the island declared independence from France, and remained a source of Supply French merchant ships, and British and Arabic.
The British dominated the Seychelles in 1811, and escalated a lot of problems on the slave trade between the city ‘s population and the Government of the British , which allows slave trade, and these problems have led to the migration of many slave traders of the island, and the shrinking number of islanders to half, and as a result of the campaigns launched by the population of the island against the slave trade, saved nearly 2,500 people from slavery and brought to the island.
The largest population on the adoption of cotton and sugar cane cultivation, as well as coconut, and fishing. In 1903, the Seychelles Islands officially declared a British colony, but the population refreshing French language and follow the customs and traditions of the French also continued, and when the Second World War , took control of a group of French speakers farmers on the islands.
The population of the Seychelles own laws for students when the Second World War , and in 1939 constituted the first political party in the Seychelles, and was elected the first legislative council in the country in 1948, and the political movements that demanded the rights of the population in the sixties of the last century, while the first constitutional conference was held in 1970, then the monument James Münchau ‘s first prime minister of the Seychelles.
Declared the independence of Seychelles as a state on June 29 , 1976, and appointed James Münchau as its head, but soon plans Albert Rene bloodless coup, and then appointed head of the country, Vgmha 16 years, until 2004; it was handed over Rene chair referee to James Michel; the current president Republic of Seychelles.
The population of the Seychelles
Lives in the Seychelles 93.186 people, according to statistics in 2016; and the Republic of five ethnic groups, namely: French, Arabs, Chinese, Indians and Africans. The official language is the language of Seychelles Seychellois Creole, and spoken by 89.1% of the population, as well as English, French and other languages, according to 2010 statistics. The majority of the population consists of Roman Catholics increased by 76.2%, while the proportion of Protestants is 10.6%, and there are other Christian doctrines and increase of 2.4%, while Hinduism constitute 2.4%, 1.6% and Islam, and other religions.
Tourism in the Seychelles
Enjoy the Seychelles is vital and very important tourism sector, which is one of the most prominent contributors to the local economy, and because of its picturesque, and its islands with charming nature – rich landscapes, attract the Seychelles every year thousands of tourists from around the world all; where the number of flocking tourists reached 276.233 tourists , the island in 2015.
Experiencing the Seychelles tourist movement is active and thriving at the moment, and excellence in construction, construction of hotels, tourist resorts, and even beaches are the most beautiful and best in the world, in addition to the distinctive services offered to tourists, are the best in the whole world, and the Republic of Seychelles hundreds of beautiful tourist beaches, which tourists can visit and enjoy its beauty, and the two sites of the Republic was added to the UNESCO World heritage Site in 1980.
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