Islands of Mauritius ( in English: Mauritius); is a group of islands located in the Indian Ocean , and is the island of Mauritius largest and away from Madagascar , about 800 km from the east, and from the western side away from the section south – west of India about 4000 km, and is the system of government in which Republicans under the name of the Republic of Mauritius defines, and gained independence from Britain in 1968.
The official announcement of the republican system in the Mauritius Islands dates back to 1992, and is considered one of the Member States within the Commonwealth, and is the city of Port Louis official as its capital and the largest city between the cities, and choose the Legislative Council elected by the people , the prime minister who is accountable to the Council on the performance of the government.
Mauritius Islands Geography
The total geographical area of the islands of Mauritius to 2040 square kilometers, and extends its territory from the north side to the south side about 58 kilometers, and from the east to the west side of its territory constitutes about 43 kilometers. Of Mauritius land emerged as a result of volcanic activity , which led to the accumulation of many volcanic rocks , and also resulted in the emergence of medium plateau , which is surrounded by a range of mountains, while in the North East begins the territory of Mauritius in the slope towards the sea, and increasing slope at the southern and western near beaches Indian Ocean, Mount Beaton and is the highest mountain area; it reaches a height of 828 m above sea level.
The climate year in the islands of Mauritius tropical sea moist, accompanied by gusts of wind from the south east, and the temperature ranges between 18 – 30 ° C in areas at sea level, and 13-26 degrees Celsius in areas that reaches a height of 460 m, begins the season summer from the month of October (October) and up to the month of April, the season of winter comes in the period of time between the months of June and September. Blowing trade winds from the south east of the month of October (October) to the month of March, and accompanied by a loss of heavy rain on the hills and slopes, and the average annual rainfall of more than 500 cm, while in the coastal areas estimated average rainfall of about 100 cm , rain and rain every day in the period of time between the months of April and September, blowing tropical cyclones sometimes between December (December) and the month of April.
Mauritius Islands economy
Since for Mauritius independence and economic sector witnessed a remarkable development; the transformation of the economy is low based on the income of agriculture to the average diversified income economy have developed many economic areas in Mauritius, including tourism and the financial sector and industry , there appeared a marked growth in the economic sector, which contributed to the diversity of income distribution, and improved public health care for individuals, economic infrastructure and public infrastructure.
Sector supports the economy in Mauritius currently on tourism, garment manufacturing, textile, sugar, financial services, fishing, information technology and communications, development real estate, make up the cultivation of sugar cane is equivalent to 90% allocated to the plantation area of land, the government is keen to promote its own development strategy among the many economic fields.
Mauritius has business relationships with both India , China , South Africa , and also seek to apply the program of trade preferences to promote access to the US commercial market, and helped their own financial and economic policies in Mauritius to minimize the negative impact of the global financial crisis in 2008, and in 2010 economy sector in Mauritius has witnessed a growth in GDP ranged between 3-4%; especially as the government continues to support investment and trade with all countries of the world.
The population of Mauritius
Estimated number of islanders reach Mauritius to 1.263 million people , according to statistics in 2016, the community is in Mauritius from diverse communities population; it contains many ethnic groups, it goes back the assets of two – thirds of the population to Pakistan and India, most of whom arrived in the islands in order to work in the period of time between the century nineteenth birthday, the beginning of the twentieth century, and constitute a group creole quarter of the population; they are of mixed origins between the French and African, and there are minorities of Chinese origin, French and Mauritian.
Considered English the official language in Mauritius, but used little of the population, and are relying on Creole , a language and dialects and slang spoken by nearly four – fifths of the population, and is also used Bhojpuri language with Indian assets among small numbers of individuals in the community, as the French spread limited ranges, and other languages used are traditional and spread a few languages such as Chinese, Tamil, Urdu, Hindi and others. Hinduism spread among almost half of the population, and Catholic Christians is equivalent to one – third of the population density, and also spread Islam among groups of the population.
General culture in the Mauritius Islands
Community contains Mauritius on a mixture of traditions and diverse cultures, and associated with different peoples living on its territory; as the religious and ethnic diversity in Mauritius contributed to the emergence of many festivals and holidays throughout the year, are held Hindu festivals in each of the months of February and March ( March), and October (October) and November (November), Muslims celebrate Eid al – Fitr in the islands after the end of the month of Ramadan.
Distant saints Christians celebrate in the month of November (November), and the Festival Christmas in December (December), the population of Chinese descent celebrate the spring, and also celebrations of political and social events spread; it is a long republic celebration on 12 March, and labor day on the first of May. There is a group of national cultural institutions that are interested in supporting the culture of public in Mauritius, is the most important art exhibitions in the cities, and theater palace, theater port, and the Institute of Mauritius , which contains the museum ‘s history, and the spread of many public libraries in all regions.
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